In 293 AD Roman Emperor Diocletian ordered the construction – on the ruins of the Greek city of Aspalathos and near Salona, an ancient urban centre – of a magniﬁcent palace in which he would spend his ﬁnal years. The town of Split as we know it today expanded from Diocletian's Palace, the world's best preserved palace from late antiquity. Split is now the capital of Dalmatia, captivating visitors with its Mediterranean charm and majestic architecture. Modern Split is most closely identiﬁed with popular music and sports, earning Diocletian's city the sobriquets of “the most musical Croatian city” and “the sports-maddest city in the world”. The old town centre of Split has numerous cultural sights and is an utmost pleasure to visit.
Split lies on the Adriatic coast, central Dalmatia, on the Split (Marjan) peninsula. Although surrounded by sea as a peninsula, Split also borders with surrounding mountains, Mosor on the northeast, Kozjak on the northwest, and Marjan hill as one of the most important symbols of the city, rising on the west side of the peninsula, in the immediate vicinity of the old city centre. Split is also surrounded by the islands Brač, Hvar, Šolta and Čiovo. Split is the largest city in Dalmatia, second largest city in Croatia and according to the latest census conducted in 2011 Split has almost 180 thousand inhabitants. Second largest Croatian cargo harbour, but also one of the largest passenger harbours on the Mediterranean. It is the administrative centre of the Split & Dalmatia County.
Split has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by dry and very hot summers and cool, but moderate and humid winters. Average temperature of the warmest month of the year is 22°C, and the coldest 4°C. Spring in Split lasts from March to June, and it is one of the best seasons to visit Split. The average temperature is the ideal 20°C, abundant in sunny periods ideal for walking on Marjan, excursions, and even swimming in the late spring. During this season Split begins its life in the open, it is the waking moment of its streets and city squares. Although high temperatures characterize the summer in Split, sometimes even over 35°C, spreading from June to the end of September, you can ﬁnd refreshment in the beautiful Adriatic sea on many of Split's beaches or on the nearby islands.